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SECTION 815. GENERAL POWERS OF TRUSTEE

UNIFORM TRUST CODE COMMITTEE

ARTICLE 8

DUTIES AND POWERS OF TRUSTEE

1. UTC SECTION

815

2. SUBJECT

GENERAL POWERS OF TRUSTEE

3. UTC STATUTE

(a) A trustee, without authorization by the court, may exercise:

(1) powers conferred by the terms of the trust; or

(2) except as limited by the terms of the trust:

(A) all powers over the trust property which an unmarried competent owner has over individually owned property;

(B) any other powers appropriate to achieve the proper investment, management, and distribution of the trust property; and

(C) any other powers conferred by this [Code].

(b) The exercise of a power is subject to the fiduciary duties prescribed by this [article].

4. NATIONAL CONFERENCE
OF COMMISSIONERS ON
UNIFORM STATE LAWS
COMMENTS

This section is intended to grant trustees the broadest possible powers, but to be exercised always in accordance with the duties of the trustee and any limitations stated in the terms of the trust. This broad authority is denoted by granting the trustee the powers of an unmarried competent owner of individually owned property, unlimited by restrictions that might be placed on it by marriage, disability, or cotenancy.


The powers conferred elsewhere in this Code that are subsumed under this section include all of the specific powers listed in Section 816 as well as other powers described elsewhere in this Code. See Sections 108(c) (transfer of principal place of administration), 414(a) (termination of uneconomic trust with value less than $50,000), 417 (combination and division of trusts), 703(e) (delegation to cotrustee), 802(h) (exception to duty of loyalty), 807 (delegation to agent of powers and duties), 810(d) (joint investments), and Article 9 (Uniform Prudent Investor Act). The powers conferred by this Code may be exercised without court approval. If court approval of the exercise of a power is desired, a petition for court approval should be filed.


A power differs from a duty. A duty imposes an obligation or a mandatory prohibition. A power, on the other hand, is a discretion, the exercise of which is not obligatory. The existence of a power, however created or granted, does not speak to the question of whether it is prudent under the circumstances to exercise the power.

5. COLORADO COMMITTEE
COMMENTS

This section grants broadest of powers, of course exercised in accordance within parameters of the trust. These powers may be exercised without court approval, with court approval upon notice. Also included in this section is the definition of power versus duty.

6. COLORADO LAW

ยงยง 15-16-301, 15-16-302, 15-16-306 and 15-17-101.

7. RECOMMENDATIONS

This section should be enacted.