The Colorado Lawyer
Vol. 33, No. 5 [Page 117]
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From the Courts
Colorado Supreme Court Rules CommitteeNotice of Public Written Comment
Regarding Amendments to C.R.C.P. 16.1
(See The Colorado Lawyer, January 2004 issue, at pages 107¡V111)
The Colorado Supreme Court proposes to adopt two forms to implement Rule 16.1 and make changes to C.R.C.P. 8, 10, and 16, as proposed below. Written comments on this proposal should be filed by 5 p.m., Tuesday, June 1, 2004, with the Clerk of Court, Mac Danford, Colorado Supreme Court, 2 E. 14th Ave., Denver, CO 80203. If adopted by the Court, these changes would become effective July 1, 2004, the effective date of Rule 16.1, for cases filed on or after July 1, 2004.
The proposed forms can be found appended to an article by Richard P. Holme, entitled "Back to the Future-New Rule 16.1: Simplified Procedure for civil Cases Up to $100,000," on page 11 of this May 2004 issue of The Colorado Lawyer.
By the Court:
Gregory J. Hobbs, Jr.
Justice, Colorado Supreme Court
Changes to Rules 8, 10, and 16.1
to Reflect Forms 1.2 (JDF 601) and 1.3 (JDF 602)
Draft March 30, 2004
PLEADINGS AND MOTIONS
Rule 8. General Rules of Pleading
(a) Claims for Relief. A pleading which sets forth a claim for a relief whether an original claim, counterclaim, cross-claim, or a third-party claim, shall contain: (1) If the court is of limited jurisdiction, a short and plain statement of the grounds upon which the court's jurisdiction depends; (2) a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief; and (3) a demand for judgment for the relief to which the pleader claims to be entitled. No dollar amount shall be stated in the prayer or demand for relief. Relief in the alternative or of several different types may be demanded.
Each claiming party shall designate in its first pleading whether the case is subject to or exempt from Simplified Procedure under C.R.C.P. 16.1 by using the caption form required by C.R.C.P. 10(d)(2)(III). Each pleading containing an initial claim for relief in a civil action, other than a domestic relations, probate, water, juvenile, or mental health action, shall be accompanied by a completed Civil Cover Sheet in the form and content of Appendix to Chapters 1 to 17, Form 1.2 (JDF 601), at the time of filing. Failure to file the cover sheet shall not be considered a jurisdictional defect in the filing.
PLEADINGS AND MOTIONS
Rule 10. Form and Quality of Pleadings, Motions,
and Other Documents
(d)(2)(III) Case Caption Information: All documents shall contain the following information arranged n the following order, as illustrated by paragraphs (e) and (f) of this rule, except that documents issued by the court under the signature of the clerk or judge should omit the attorney section as illustrated in paragraphs (e)(2) and (f)(2). Individual boxes should separate this case caption information; however, vertical lines are not mandatory.
On the left side:
Court name and mailing address.
Name of parties.
Name, Address, and telephone number of the attorney or pro se party filing the document.
Fax number and e-mail address are optional.
Attorney registration number.
On the right side:
An area for "Court Use Only" that is at least 2-1/2 inches in width and 1-3/4 inches in length (located opposite the court and party information).
Case number, division number, and courtroom number (located opposite the attorney information above).
Below the division or courtroom number, in a pleading containing claims against another party, the claiming party shall include the following provision:
This case is NOT subject to the simplified procedures for court actions under Rule 16.1 because:
_____ This is a class action, domestic relations, juvenile, mental health, probate, water law, forcible entry and detainer, Rule 106 and 120, or other similar expedited proceeding [see C.R.C.P. 16.1(b)(1)].and/or
_____ Claims against any party exceed $100,000 [see C.R.C.P. 16.1(b)(2) and (c)].
(e) Illustration of Preferred Case Caption Format:
(1) Preferred Caption for documents initiated by a party:
[Designation of Court From subsection (g) below]
[Substitute appropriate party designations & names]
„FCOURT USE ONLY
Attorney or Party Without Attorney
Atty. Reg. #
[For a Complaint, Counterclaim or Third Party Complaint caption, insert in the lower right portion of the caption the following:]
This case is NOT subject to the simplified procedures for court actions under Rule 16.1 because:
_____ This is a class action, domestic relations, juvenile, mental health, probate, water law, forcible entry and detainer, Rule 106 and 120, or other similar expedited proceeding [see C.R.C.P. 16.1(b)(1)]
_____ Claims against any party exceed $100,000 [see C.R.C.P. 16.1(b)(2) and (c)]
NAME OF DOCUMENT
PLEADINGS AND MOTIONS
(d) Election for Exclusion from This Rule. This Rule shall apply unless, no later than 35 days after the case is at issue as defined in C.R.C.P. 16(b)(1), any party files a written notice,
statement in a pleading or otherwise, signed by the party and its counsel, if any, stating that the party elects to be excluded from the application of Simplified Procedure, set forth in this rule 16.1. The use of a "Notice to Elect Exclusion From C.R.C.P. 16.1" in the form and content of Appendix to Chapters 1 to 17, Form 1.3 (JDF 602), shall comply with this section. In the event such a statement notice is filed, C.R.C.P. 16 shall govern the action.
Rule Change 2004(6)
The Colorado Rules of Criminal Procedure
Chapter 29. Colorado Rules of Criminal Procedure
For All Courts of Record in Colorado
The following rules are amended as of July 1, 2004:
Rule 32.1. Death Penalty Sentencing Hearing
Rule 32.2. Death Penalty Post-trial Procedures
Amended and Adopted by the Court, En Banc, March 11, 2004, effective July 1, 2004.
By the Court:
Alex J. Martinez
Justice, Colorado Supreme Court
RULE 32.1. DEATH PENALTY SENTENCING HEARING
(a) Purpose and Scope. The purpose of this rule is to establish a uniform, expeditious procedure for conducting death penalty sentencing hearings in accordance with section 18-1.3-1201, 6 C.R.S.
(b) Statement of Intention to Seek Death Penalty. In any class 1 felony case in which the prosecution intends to seek the death penalty, the prosecuting attorney shall file a written statement of that intention with the trial court no later than 60 days after arraignment and shall serve a copy of the statement on the defendant's attorney of record or the defendant if appearing pro se.
(c) Date of Sentencing Hearing. After a verdict of guilt to a class 1 felony, the trial judge shall set a date for the sentencing hearing. The sentencing hearing shall be held as soon as practicable following the trial.
(d) Discovery Procedures for Sentencing Hearing. The following discovery provisions shall apply to the death penalty sentencing hearing:
(1) Aggravating Factors. Not later than 20 days after the filing of the written statement of intention required in subsection (b) of this rule, the prosecuting attorney shall provide to the defendant, and file with the court a list of the aggravating factors enumerated at section 18-1.3-1201(5), 6 C.R.S., and that the prosecuting attorney intends to prove at the hearing.
(2) Prosecution Witnesses. Not later than 20 days after the filing of the written statement of intention required in subsection (b) of this rule, the prosecuting attorney shall provide to the defendant a list of the witnesses whom the prosecuting attorney may call at the sentencing hearing and shall promptly furnish the defendant with written notification of any such witnesses who subsequently become known or the materiality of whose testimony subsequently becomes known. Along with the name of the witness, the prosecuting attorney shall furnish the witness¡¦s address and date of birth, the subject matter of the witness¡¦s testimony, and any written or recorded statement of that witness, including notes.
(3) Prosecution Books, Papers, Documents. Not later than 20 days after the filing of the written statement of intention required in subsection (b) of this rule, the prosecuting attorney shall provide to the defendant a list of the books, papers, documents, photographs, or tangible objects, and access thereto, that the prosecuting attorney may introduce at the sentencing hearing and shall promptly furnish the defendant written notification of additional such items as they become known.
(4) Prosecution Experts. As soon as practicable but not later than 60 days before trial, the prosecuting attorney shall provide to the defendant any reports, recorded statements, and notes, including results of physical or mental examinations and scientific tests, experiments, or comparisons, of any experts whom the prosecuting attorney intends to call as a witness at the sentencing hearing and shall promptly furnish the defendant additional such items as they become available.
(5) Material Favorable to the Accused. Not later than 20 days after the filing of the written statement of intention required in subsection (b) of this rule, the prosecuting attorney shall make available to the defendant any material or information within the prosecuting attorney¡¦s possession or control that would tend to mitigate or negate the finding of any of the aggravating factors the prosecuting attorney intends to prove at the sentencing hearing, and the prosecuting attorney shall promptly make available to the defendant any such material or information that subsequently comes into the prosecuting attorney¡¦s possession or control.
(6) Prosecution¡¦s Rebuttal Witnesses. Upon receipt of the information required by subsection (7), the prosecuting attorney shall notify the defendant as soon as practicable but not later than 15 days before trial of any additional witnesses whom the prosecuting attorney intends to call in response to the defendant¡¦s disclosures.
(7) Defendant's Disclosure.
(a) Subject to constitutional limitations, the defendant shall provide the prosecuting attorney with the following information and materials not later than 30 days before trial:
(I) A list of witnesses whom the defendant may call at the sentencing hearing. Along with the name of the witness, the defendant shall furnish the witness's address and date of birth, the subject matter of the witness¡¦s testimony, and any written or recorded statement of that witness, including notes, that comprise substantial recitations of witness statements and relate to the subject matter of the testimony;
(II) A list of the books, papers, documents, photographs, or tangible objects, and access thereto, that the defendant may introduce at the sentencing hearing;
(III) Any reports, recorded statements, and notes of any expert whom the defendant may call as a witness during the sentencing hearing, including results of physical or mental examinations and scientific tests, experiments, or comparisons.
(b) Any material subject to this subsection (7) that the defendant believes contains self-incriminating information that is privileged from disclosure to the prosecution prior to the sentencing hearing shall be submitted by the defendant to the trial judge under seal no later than forty-five days before trial. The trial judge shall review any material submitted under seal pursuant to this paragraph (c) to determine whether it is in fact privileged.
(i) Any material submitted under seal pursuant to this paragraph (c) that the judge finds to be privileged from disclosure to the prosecution prior to the sentencing hearing shall be provided forthwith to the prosecution if the defendant is convicted of a class 1 felony.
(ii) If the trial judge finds any of the material submitted under seal pursuant to this paragraph (c) to be not privileged from disclosure to the prosecution prior to the sentencing hearing, the trial judge shall notify the defense of its findings and allow the defense seven days after such notification in which to seek a modification, review or stay of the court¡¦s order requiring disclosure.
(iii) The trial judge may excise information it finds privileged from information it finds not privileged in order to disclose as provided in (ii) above.
(8) Regulation of Discovery and Sanctions. No party shall be permitted to rely at the sentencing hearing upon any witness, material, or information that is subject to disclosure pursuant to this rule until it has been disclosed to the opposing party. The trial court, upon a showing of good cause, may grant an extension of time to comply with the requirements of this rule. If it is brought to the attention of the court that a party has failed to comply with this rule or with an order issued pursuant to this rule, the court may enter an order against such party that the court deems just under the circumstances, and which is consistent with constitutional limitations, including but not limited to an order to permit the discovery or inspection of materials not previously disclosed, to grant a continuance, to prohibit the offending party from introducing the information and materials, or impose sanctions against the offending party.
RULE 32.2. DEATH PENALTY POST-TRIAL PROCEDURES
(a) Purpose and Scope. The purpose of this rule is to establish a fair, just and expeditious procedure for conducting trial court review of any post-trial motions and of any post-conviction motions, and for conducting appellate review of direct appeal and post-conviction review appeal in class one felony cases in which a sentence of death is imposed, as directed by section 16-12-201, et seq.
(b) Trial Court Procedure.
(1) Stay of Execution. The trial judge, upon the imposition of a death sentence, shall set the time of execution pursuant to section 18-1.3-1205 and enter an order staying execution of the judgment and sentence until receipt of an order from the supreme court. The trial court shall immediately mail to the supreme court a copy of the judgment, sentence, and mittimus.
(2) Motions for New Trial. The defendant may file any post-trial motions, pursuant to Crim. P. 33, no later than 15 days after the imposition of sentence. The trial court, in its discretion, may rule on such motion before or after the sentencing hearing, but must rule no later than 90 days after the imposition of sentence.
(3) Advisement and Order. Within 5 days after the imposition of a sentence of death, the court shall hold a hearing (advisement date) and shall advise the defendant pursuant to sections 16-12-204 and 205. On the advisement date, the court shall:
(I) Appoint new counsel to represent the defendant concerning direct appeal and post-conviction review matters absent waiver by the defendant;
(II) Make specific findings as to whether any waiver by the defendant of the right to post-conviction review, direct appeal, or the appointment of new counsel is made knowingly, voluntarily and intelligently;
(III) Order the prosecuting attorney to deliver to counsel for the defendant within 5 days of the advisement date one copy of all material and information in the prosecuting attorney's possession or control that is discoverable under Crim. P. 16 or pertains to punishment, unless such material and information has been previously provided to that counsel. Costs of copying and delivery of such material and information shall be paid by the prosecuting attorney;
(IV) If new counsel is appointed for the defendant, order defendant's trial counsel, at his or her cost, to deliver a complete copy of trial counsel¡¦s file to new counsel within 5 days of the advisement date;
(V) Direct that any post-conviction review motions be filed within 150 days of the advisement date; and
(VI) Order the production of three copies of a certified transcript of all proceedings in the case: one for the supreme court, one for the prosecution and one for the defense. Transcripts that are completed by the advisement date will be immediately provided to the prosecution and to defense counsel to the extent that counsel does not already possess those transcripts. All other transcripts shall be completed and delivered within 21 days of the advisement date or within 21 days of any subsequent hearing.
(4) Resolution of Post-conviction Motions. The court, upon receipt of any motion raising post-conviction review issues, as described in section 16-12-206, shall promptly determine whether an evidentiary hearing is necessary, and if so, shall schedule the matter for hearing within 60 days of the filing of such motions and enter its order on all motions within 30 days of the hearing. If no evidentiary hearing is required, the trial court shall rule within 30 days of the last day for filing the motions.
(5) Record on Appeal. In an appeal under this rule, the trial court shall designate the entire trial court record as the record on appeal. Within 21 days of the filing of the unitary notice of appeal, the trial court shall deliver to the supreme court any portion of the record not previously delivered under subsection (b)(3)(VI) of this rule.
(6) Extension of Time. Upon a showing of extraordinary circumstances that could not have been foreseen and prevented, the court may grant an extension of time with regard to the time requirements of sections (b)(2), (3), (4) and (5) of this rule.
(c) Appellate Procedure.
(1) Unitary Notice of Appeal. The notice of appeal for the direct appeal and the notice of appeal for all post-conviction review shall be filed by unitary notice in the supreme court no later than 5 days after the trial court¡¦s order on post-conviction review motions. The unitary notice of appeal need conform only to the requirements of sections (1), (2), (6) and (8) of C.A.R. 3(g).
(2) Briefs. Counsel for defendant shall file an opening brief no later than 180 days after the filing of the notice of appeal. The prosecution shall file an answer brief no later than 120 days after filing of the opening brief. Counsel for defendant may file a reply brief no later than 60 days after filing of the answer brief. Extensions of time will not be granted except on a showing of extraordinary circumstances that could not have been foreseen and prevented. The opening brief may not exceed 250 pages; the answer brief may not exceed 250 pages; and the reply brief may not exceed 100 pages. Extensions not to exceed 75 pages for the opening and answer briefs, and 50 pages for the reply brief may be allowed upon a showing of compelling need.
(3) Consolidation. Any direct appeal, any appeal of post-conviction review proceedings, and the review required by section 18-1.3-1201(6)(a), shall be consolidated and resolved in one proceeding before the supreme court.
(4) Further Proceedings.
(I) After the supreme court resolves the appeal, ineffective assistance of counsel on direct appeal may only be raised by a petition for rehearing filed in the supreme court, pursuant to section 16-12-204;
(II) Any notice of appeal concerning a trial court decision entered pursuant to section 16-12-209 or concerning any second or subsequent request for relief filed by the defendant, shall be filed in the supreme court within 30 days of the entry of the trial court¡¦s order. Such appeal shall be governed by the Colorado appellate rules as may be modified by the supreme court in case-specific orders designed to expedite the proceedings.
(d) Sanctions. The trial court and the supreme court may impose sanctions on counsel for willful failure to comply with this rule.
This rule shall apply to class one felony offenses committed on or after January 1, 1998 for which a sentence of death is imposed.
Colorado Judicial Department
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Directives
Notice of Availability
A full set of the Chief Justice Directives may be purchased from the Colorado Judicial Department for $15, which includes copying, handling, and postage costs. Checks should be made payable to Colorado Judicial Department and should be mailed to: Court Services Division, Office of the State Court Administrator, 1301 Pennsylvania St., Ste. 300, Denver, CO 80203. Individual Chief Justice Directives will be assessed a $5 charge, pursuant to Chief Justice Directive 96-01, concerning standard research fees. Chief Justice Directives also are available from the Colorado Supreme Court homepage at: http://www.courts.state.co.us/supct/cjdirect/cjdirectives.htm.
Publication in The Colorado Lawyer
Chief Justice Directives will be published on a space available basis in this "Court Business" section of The Colorado Lawyer. For space reasons, attachments may be omitted. To obtain a copy of attachments, contact the Court Services Division, Office of the State Court Administrator, 1301 Pennsylvania St., Ste. 300, Denver, CO 80203.
Chief Justice Directives 97-01, 97-02, and 98-01 (Attachements)
Income Eligibility Guidelines Table
The Income Eligibility Guidelines table in the following Chief Justice Directives ("CJD") were revised on February 13, 2004:
CJD 97-01, Attachment B
CJD 97-02, Attachment A
CJD 98-01, Attachment A
These CJDs have been updated to contain the 2004 Income Eligibility Guidelines table. To find the current CJDs online, visit http://www.courts.state.co.us. Click on the following in this order: Supreme Court ƒoChief Justice DirectivesƒoNumerical Index. Contact Gaylene Wagoner at (303) 837-3641 or email@example.com with questions.
Recommendations and Comments Welcomed on
Pre-Trial and Trial Practice Standards
U.S. District Court Judge Phillip S. Figa is preparing pre-trial and trial practice standards and procedures for cases assigned to him. Such standards and procedures are judge-specific and are in addition to the federal local rules and the federal rules of civil and criminal procedure. Each judge¡¦s practice standards and procedures are available on the Colorado federal district court website, http://www.co.uscourts.gov/judges_frame.htm.
Judge Figa welcomes input from lawyers about which practice standards and procedures they find particularly useful and would recommend be considered by him. Send any recommendations or related comments by letter or e-mail to: Phillip S. Figa, U.S. District Judge, Alfred A. Arraj U.S. District Courthouse, 901 19th St., Chambers A-635, Denver, CO 80294; firstname.lastname@example.org.
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